Instructions: Research one of California’s superfund sites and answer the questions below.
1. What is a superfund site?
A and Superfund identified site by the is any EPA land as in a candidate the United for States cleanup that because has been it contaminated poses a risk to by human hazardous health
and/or the environment.
2. What federal law created Superfunds? Be sure to give the full name and the abbreviated name of this
law? -The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA Statute, CERCLA Overview)
3. How many superfund sites are located in California?
4. What is the name of your superfund site?
-Camp Pendleton Marine Corp Base
5. When was your site proposed to be listed as a superfund site? When was your site listed?
6. Has your site cleanup been completed? If so, when?
7. What activity or industry caused the contamination?
Disposal practices have contaminated groundwater and soil.
8. What is the contaminated media of the site? (groundwater, soil, surface water, etc)
Groundwater, soil and sludges
9. Identify and describe the types of contaminants at the site.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs; paints and coatings), spent oils and fuels, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs; coolants), pesticides, metals, and herbicides
10. What are the risks to humans or ecosystems involved with these contaminants? You are going to have to
have to look elsewhere online to find this.
exposure may cause cancer, liver damage, kidney damage, and nervous system
-Oils wildlife and and fuels plants.
may contaminate soil and groundwater, making the soil too toxic for
-PCB disorders, exposure endocrine causes effects, cancer, and immune irritation.
effects, reproductive disorders, neurological
-Pesticides -Exposure to and metals herbicides may cause may cause poisoning, reproductive which may disorders, lead to sickness cancer, and and birth pain.
11. Briefly describe the cleanup activities that have been performed or will be performed. You are going to
have to research a bit more to figure this out.
-The area is acted on in four long-term phases, in which soils, landfills, surface impoundments, of boiling and steam.
and groundwater are being cleaned up. This may be accomplished by the use
12. How might superfund sites that have been cleaned up be used in the future?
-Camp superfund Pendleton sites can still be serves repurposed as a military and made base into after factories, its cleanup, landfills, and many and parks. other
13. What is a Brownfield? What are some differences between Superfund Sites and Brownfields? What are
some ways that Brownfields can be cleaned?
-Brownfields been difficult are to use areas due of to land contamination that are meant and to hazardous be repurposed materials. for other The uses, difference but have
between the two sites. is Brownfields that superfunds are usually are EPA-involved abandoned and industrial are sites and on commercial the NPL, the facilities, nation’s and worst cleanup hazard
does not asbestos involve is the present, EPA. Brownfields and steam and are heat cleaned may up also by be removing used to key clean contaminants up other issues.
if lead or